LaTeX installation on Mac
First of all, there is TeX. An archaic type-setting system. If you want to install TeX, you need to think about three things:
- What distribution to use (teTeX, XeTeX, TeX Live or others)
- How to install your distribution (manually, with i-Installer, Fink or MacPorts)
- What user interface to pick (TeXShop, LyX, or commandline)
- What typesetting variant to use (LaTeX, ConTeXt or others)
If you use a Mac and don't want to decide yourself: install TeX Live. If you use MacPort, use MacPorts to install it, otherwise install it manually. Download and install TeXShop manually.
- TeX Live
- A multiplatform distribution. It is now the recommended choice, as it contains platform specific latex binaries, such as XeTeX and MacTeX.
- A newer distribution originating on the Mac. Has nice features like the ability to include any (TrueType or OpenType) font, and natively supports UTF-8. Recommended for Mac users.
- One of the most widely used distributions. Pretty good.
- Recommended Mac distribution by the TeX Users Group.
- Recommended Windows distribution by the TeX Users Group.
If you use a package manager like MacPorts or Fink, simply use that manager to install the required package. I heard some reports that those package did not get the fonts correct when exporting to PDF, but to be honest: it worked flawlessly for me.
If you don't use MacPorts of Fink, I recommend the i-Installer. It's a package manager for Mac OS X. While support ended at January 2007, it is still a good choice since the main purpose was to install TeX-related packages.
To actually use TeX, you can either use the command line:
Or use an editor. One of the best editors is TeXShop, which has a window to edit your TeX files, and allows you to simply click a button to do the typesetting (calling pdflatex, texexec or any other tool applicable).
If you don't feel comfortable using TeX, you way want to start with LyX, a GUI-editor for LaTeX. While LyX allows you to import tex files, I wouldn't count on that to work reliable. That said, LyX is a great way start with LaTex: you can do most of the editing in LyX, and when an article is done, you can export to LaTeX and do some fine tuning of the lay-out. That way you slowly learn the different type-setting commands in LaTeX.
Type Setting Variant
No-one types directly in TeX anymore. Typically people will use LaTeX. But even then, there are many choices for packages. For example, do you use verbatim, moreverb or listings to produce code listings. And for small in-line pictures, do you use picins or wrapfig. I usually deal with it by Googling for the correct package, get overwhelmed, pick one and hope for the best. A good rule of thumb is to only use package that already came with the distribution. A good change that others can then read it too.
LaTeX is the de-facto standard, and great for writing articles. However, if you care about lay-out you may want to consider ConTeXt, which allows you to fine tune your lay-out. So if you simply want to write text with pictures, and want to share with colleagues: use LaTeX. If you want to make a nice looking brochure, use ConTeXt.
Install ConTeXt and LaTeX using ports
As described above, there are multiple ways to install software. This guide installs LaTeX on Mac OS X using ports.
Requirements XCode and MacPorts. If you haven't installed these yet:
- Download XCode (aka Developer Tools; need free Apple Developer Account to download)
- Download and install MacPorts
- reconfigure shell to include /opt/local/bin
- sudo port selfupdate
Install TeX Live with Ports
Now that your done, install TeX Live:
sudo port install texlive
This installs texlive_base, texlive_texmf-minimal, texlive_texmf-full, freetype, fontconfig, ncurses, zlib, libpng, texinfo, texi2html, ghostscript and XFree86.
Pick an editor
You can type your tex files in any text editor and run latex or pdflatex from the command line. However, it sometimes is benefical to use a dedicated editor. Some common choices are
- TextMate, an all-purpose text-editor with LaTeX bundle
- BBEdit, an all-purpose text-editor
- TeXShop, a dedicated LaTeX editor
- LyX, a graphical-only LaTeX editor, targeted at users who do not care about the intrinsics of tex code, but like a GUI editor.
Manually install TeXShop.
Open TeXShop, go the Preferences. There are few settings to make, depending on the installer and distribution.
First of all, go to the "Document" tab.
Set the Encoding to "UTF-8 Unicode".
You really want to do this. Even if you are going to stick to ASCII, do choose UTF-8, since UTF-8 is fully backward compatible with ASCII.
Secondly, go the to the "Engine" tab, and set the paths based on the installer you used.
For Macports, set the path to the following values:
- Distiller (Ghostscript)
If you would have installed teTeX using the i-Installer, this should be:
- Distiller (Ghostscript)
If you use teTeX, you don't have to change anything.
If you installed XeTeX, you should also change these settings in the "Misc" tab:
- TeX Program
- Latex Program
See Using XeTeX with TeXShop for details.
You can now use UTF-8 directly in your documents. If you want to use custom Mac-fonts as well, you may want to consider installing the fontspec package from CTAN.
Using ConTeXt with XeTeX
If you use ConTeXt with teTeX, everything is set. You can simply select "ConTeXt" from the TypeSet menu, and you're off.
Also, if you use LaTeX with XeTeX, everything is set. Due to the settings in the Misc tab, you're automatically using XeTeX.
However, if you want to combine ConTeXt with XeTeX, things are a bit more complicated. Since I wasn't interested in that feature, I refer to the ConTeXt wiki on XeTeX